Ammonium dichromate is commonly known as Vesuvian Fire, because of its use in demonstrations of tabletop "volcanoes". In today's world, it's used in pyrotechnics, but previously, photography. In this compound, as in all chromates and dichromates, chromium is in a +6 oxidation state, commonly known as hexavalent chromium. It is a salt consisting of ammonium ions and dichromate ions. Continue reading for five mind-blowing videos.
These trees may look like they are straight from Disney's upcoming live-action Jungle Book movie, but it's just Avenue of the Baobabs, which line the dirt road between Morondava and Belon'i Tsiribihina in western Madagascar. Its striking landscape draws travelers from around the world, making it one of the most visited locations in the region. Baobab trees, up to 800 years old, known locally as renala (Malagasy for "mother of the forest"), are a legacy of the dense tropical forests that once thrived on Madagascar. Continue reading for more.
The Cancun Underwater Museum MUSA (above) is a Non Profit Organization based in Cancun Mexico devoted to the Art of Conservation. There are currently a total of 500 sculptures in three different galleries submerged between three and six meters comprise its collection, as of 2013. This project began in November 2009 with a hundred statues placed in the shallow waters of the Cancun National Marine Park, which had been previously damaged by storms. Continue reading for more awesome interactive Google Street View maps you never knew existed.
The Writer automaton (self-operating machine or robot) was the inspiration for the principle character in the Martin Scorsese's Hugo movie. This 240-year-old machine, comprised of 6000 parts, works by using a crank to wind up the mainsprings before the head as well as eyes start moving for life-likeness, following its own hand movements as it writes. That's not all, the automata even dips its quill into an ink bottle between words. What makes all of this possible are 40 cams with three cam followers that read their shaped edges and translate them into movements of the boy's arm. Controlling them is a large wheel or 'system disk', made up of letters that could be removed, replaced and programmed. The Writer is able to write any custom text up to 40 letters long, spread over four lines.
Living in central Paris can be quite pricey to say the least, but this tiny apartment home, measuring 86-square-feet, didn't skip on the amenities. Designed by Kitoko Studio, this living space was inspired by the Swiss Army Knife, complete with stairs, a closet, bathroom w/shower, and even a small dining table hidden behind floral embossed panels. Continue reading for more cool micro homes.
What you're looking at above is not a real sunrise, but rather a dawn sundog, which refers to particular kind of ice crystal halo. This atmospheric optical phenomenon is associated with the reflection or refraction of sunlight by small ice crystals making up cirrus or cirrostratus clouds in the very particular case when the sun is still below the horizon. The spread light of a false sunrise has less power than that of a real sun, but sometimes is amazingly similar in its visual behavior at distance. It is similar to a subsun, except that in a false sunrise the sun is below the horizon and the ice crystals are above it. Continue reading for more.
Kokoro Scanner Lie Detector Headset by Takara Tomy looks like a toy, but the company says this gadget can tell if a person is lying. It works by reading the changes in one's pulse when asked certain questions. The only confusing part is that there's a yellow light, which indicates you're not telling the whole truth. Product page. Continue reading for more.
The HouseW in Duiven, The Netherlands, seamlessly blends old architecture with modern style. According to the architects (Studio Prototype), the facade consists of "diagonal directions and is translated to a timber cladding of western red cedar battens. They are as slender as possible, creating tension with the heavy brick of the existing dwelling. Aluminum profiles are used to attain subtle transitions between materials and spaces. The diagonal pattern is opened up on several strategic positions, working as a privacy screen." Continue reading for more.
Oarfish are large, greatly elongated, pelagic lampriform fish belonging to the small family Regalecidae. They are found in all temperate to tropical oceans yet rarely seen. The occasional beachings of oarfish after storms, and their habit of lingering at the surface when sick or dying, make oarfish a probable source of many sea serpent tales like "The Serpent of Gloucester" and so forth. The tales that have come from these odd creatures have struck fear into the hearts of many people before they knew what it was. Although the larger species are considered game fish and are fished commercially to a minor extent, oarfish are rarely caught alive; their flesh is not well regarded due to its gelatinous consistency.
The community of Wytheville, Virginia experienced a series of UFO encounters in 1987, with the first sighting being made by three policeman who were all former military. On October 7, 1987, WYVE radio station news reporter Danny Gordon received a telephone call from the local Sheriff about this incident. Two weeks later, on October 21, Gordon, along with his friend Roger Hall, a commercial pilot, took a drive to the southern part of Wythe County, where most of the UFO reports had originated. During their drive home both men spotted a large, domed, wingless object moving toward them. Roger Hall said that the object was the size of two football in length, there were three windows on the craft, light coming out from the inside, and a red ball moving toward what he felt was a mother ship. Continue reading for more.