Photo credit: Brian Dettmer
At first glance, these may seem to have been made by a machine, but they were all handcrafted by Brian Dettmer, a New York-based artist. He's also known as the "Book Surgeon", and rightfully so, as Dettmer uses tweezers, knives, scalpels and other surgical tools create these beautiful book sculptures. As for material, he uses old books, maps, encyclopedias, textbooks, manuals, and any other reading materials. Continue reading to see more.