Photo credit: HOLGER LANGMAIER / MATT SEYMOUR / TAG HARTMAN-SIMKINS via Science Alert
MIT Lincoln Laboratory researchers have devised a way to send secret whispers directly into a person’s ear by simply pointing a laser at someone from a distance. That person then hears the transmitted audio but others in the same area do not. These special laser systems can transmit tones, music, and recorded speech at a conversational volume to specific people who don’t need to wear any special equipment. Read more for a video and additional information.
Israel’s Beresheet (Hebrew word for “beginning”) spacecraft is set to launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket in February, and is expected to land on the lunar surface about two months later. This unmanned spacecraft means Israel join three other countries – the U.S., the Soviet Union and China – to have made successful ‘soft landings’ on the lunar surface. The landing also marks the first private mission to reach Earth’s natural satellite. Read more for another video and additional information.
Photo credit: David A. Kring / Center for Lunar Science and Exploration via CNN
Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the United States Apollo program, and the third to land on the Moon as well as the last of the “H missions,” targeted landings with two-day stays on the lunar surface with two EVAs, or moonwalks. When astronauts Alan Shepard and Edgar Mithcell returned samples from the moon’s surface, they probably didn’t realize that they were reuniting Earth with a bit of its early history. The “moon rock” you see above most likely collided with the moon after an impact sent it hurtling from Earth 4 billion years ago. Read more for another video about Apollo 14 and additional information.
Photo credit: Express.co.uk
Scientists have just the symbolic Doomsday Cock ahead by half a minute, saying the world was at its closest to annihilation since the height of the Cold War due to threats of nuclear war. At two minutes to midnight, it’s at the closest to catastrophe since 1953, due to several factors. “Hyperbolic rhetoric and provocative actions on both sides have increased the possibility of nuclear war by accident or miscalculation,” said the group of North Korea’s nuclear program. Read more for a video explaining what the Doomsday Clock is all about.
Photo credit: Joe Gutheinz, courtesy of Christopher McHugh
Nancy Lee Carlson from Inverness, Illinois has filed a new lawsuit accusing NASA of damaging a sample bag taken on the historic first manned moon mission in 1969 and illegally taking particles of moon dust. She first purchased the item in 2015 for $995 and later sold it in 2017 for $1.8 million, in which during that two-year period, Carlson and NASA were engaged in a protracted legal battle over its ownership, which she eventually won. “The bag contained lunar samples, including some lunar dust enmeshed in the bag fibers when the Apollo 11 mission returned to Earth,” the suit says. Read more for a video about building a lunar base out of moon dust and additional information about the case.
William ‘Captain Kirk’ Shatner spotted a strange “shiny bluish light” in an image captured by the NASA InSight Rover on Mars, and then promptly shared his discovery with the world on Twitter. Before things got out of hand, the space agency Tweeted back: “Just a bit of lens flare as the sun dips low on the horizon. Both photos were taken shortly before sunset. No cause for alarm, Captain!” For those don’t know about the mission, InSight’s objectives are to basically place a seismometer, called SEIS, on the surface of the red planet to measure seismic activity and provide accurate 3D models of the planet’s interior; and measure internal heat flow using a heat probe called HP3 to study Mars’ early geological evolution. Read more for the original Tweet from William Shatner, a video about the InSight and additional information.
Photo credit: Terry Gates / Gizmodo
Galagadon, a freshwater shark from the Cretaceous Period, is related to a group called carpet sharks found in Indo-Pacific seas today, and measured 1-2 feet in length, with teeth the size of a sand grain, about four-hundredths of an inch (1 millimeter). However, these teeth are shaped just like the spaceships found in the 1981 Japanese arcade game Galaga, which is the sequel to 1979’s Galaxian. Read more for an artist’s depiction of an actual Galagadon shark.
“Planet Nine” is theorized to be 10 times larger than Earth and is supposedly located somewhere in the outer reaches of our solar system, but it may not be a real planet after all, but instead a massive disc of smaller objects lying just beyond Neptune that exerts the same gravitational force as a super-Earth-sized planet. This mysterious planet is thought to be located so far from the Sun that it reflects very little light, and scientists have based its existence based on the strange clustered orbits of a group of trans-Neptunian Objects (TNOs), which includes Pluto. Read more for another video and additional information.
Computer scientists at the University of St Andrews Computer Human Interaction research group (SACHI) have unveiled Solinteraction, which demonstrates the potential for radar-based interaction. The team has worked with Google on Project Soli, a radar-based sensor technology that can sense the micro and subtle motion of human fingers. The FCC has recently granted Google a waiver that allows Project Soli sensors to use frequencies between 57 and 64 Ghz, which are higher than typically allowed in normal gadgets. Back in 2015, Google’s Advanced Technology and Projects group (ATAP) showed off tiny radar-based sensors that enabled users to control gadgets simply by tapping their fingers together. Read more for a Solinteraction video and additional information.
Photo credit: Geek.com
Ever wonder how the earliest land animals moved? If so, you’ll be glad to know that scientists, led by evolutionary biologist John Nyakatura at Humboldt University in Berlin, have used a 290-million-year old fossil skeleton to create a moving robot model of prehistoric life. This four-legged plant-eater lived before the dinosaurs and believed to be called a “stem amniote”, or an early land-dwelling animal that later evolved into modern mammals. It fascinates scientists “because of its position on the tree of life,” said Nyakatura. The team partnered with robotics expert Kamilo Melo at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne to develop a model of how the creature moved before building OroBOT. This robot is made of motors connected by 3D-printed plastic and steel parts and “helps us to test real-world dynamics, to account for gravity and friction,” said Melo. Read more for a compilation of interesting images gathered from around the web.